TypeScript
resolvers

TypeScript Resolvers

Package nameWeekly DownloadsVersionLicenseUpdated
@graphql-codegen/typescript-resolvers (opens in a new tab)DownloadsVersionLicenseFeb 5th, 2023

Installation

Terminal
yarn add -D @graphql-codegen/typescript-resolvers
⚠️

Usage Requirements In order to use this GraphQL Codegen plugin, please make sure that you have GraphQL operations (query / mutation / subscription and fragment) set as documents: … in your codegen.yml.

Without loading your GraphQL operations (query, mutation, subscription and fragment), you won't see any change in the generated output.

💡

Watch Episode #26 of graphql.wtf (opens in a new tab) for a quick introduction to this plugin and its features:

This plugin generates TypeScript signature for resolve functions of your GraphQL API. You can use this plugin to generate simple resolvers signature based on your GraphQL types, or you can change its behavior be providing custom model types (mappers).

You can find a blog post explaining the usage of this plugin here: https://the-guild.dev/blog/better-type-safety-for-resolvers-with-graphql-codegen (opens in a new tab)

Config API Reference

useIndexSignature

type: boolean default: false

Adds an index signature to any generates resolver.

Usage Examples

codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file.ts': {
       plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolvers'],
       config: {
         useIndexSignature: true
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

noSchemaStitching

type: boolean default: true

Disables/Enables Schema Stitching support. By default, the resolver signature does not include the support for schema-stitching. Set to false to enable that.

Usage Examples

codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file.ts': {
       plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolvers'],
       config: {
         noSchemaStitching: false
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

wrapFieldDefinitions

type: boolean default: true

Set to true in order to wrap field definitions with FieldWrapper. This is useful to allow return types such as Promises and functions. Needed for compatibility with federation: true when

customResolveInfo

type: string default: graphql#GraphQLResolveInfo

You can provide your custom GraphQLResolveInfo instead of the default one from graphql-js

Usage Examples

codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file.ts': {
       plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolvers'],
       config: {
         customResolveInfo: './my-types#MyResolveInfo'
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

customResolverFn

type: string default: (parent: TParent, args: TArgs, context: TContext, info: GraphQLResolveInfo) => Promise<TResult> | TResult

You can provide your custom ResolveFn instead the default. It has to be a type that uses the generics <TResult, TParent, TContext, TArgs>

Usage Examples

Custom Signature
codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file.ts': {
       plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolvers'],
       config: {
         customResolverFn: './my-types#MyResolveFn'
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;
With Graphile
codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file.ts': {
       plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolvers'],
       config: {
         customResolverFn: './my-types#MyResolveFn'
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;
codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     "path/to/file.ts": {
       "plugins": [
           {
               "add": {
                   "content": "import { GraphileHelpers } from 'graphile-utils/node8plus/fieldHelpers';"
               }
           },
           "typescript",
           "typescript-resolvers"
       ],
       "config": {
           "customResolverFn": "(\n  parent: TParent,\n  args: TArgs,\n  context: TContext,\n  info: GraphQLResolveInfo & { graphile: GraphileHelpers<TParent> }\n) => Promise<TResult> | TResult;\n"
       }
     }
   }
 };
 export default config;

directiveResolverMappings

type: Record

Map the usage of a directive into using a specific resolver.

allowParentTypeOverride

type: boolean

Allow you to override the ParentType generic in each resolver, by avoid enforcing the base type of the generated generic type.

This will generate ParentType = Type instead of ParentType extends Type = Type in each resolver.

Usage Examples

codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file.ts': {
       plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolvers'],
       config: {
         allowParentTypeOverride: true
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

optionalInfoArgument

type: boolean

Sets info argument of resolver function to be optional field. Useful for testing.

Usage Examples

codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file.ts': {
       plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolvers'],
       config: {
         optionalInfoArgument: true
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

makeResolverTypeCallable

type: boolean

Set to true in order to allow the Resolver type to be callable

Usage Examples

codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file.ts': {
       plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolvers'],
       config: {
         makeResolverTypeCallable: true
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

addUnderscoreToArgsType

type: boolean

Adds _ to generated Args types in order to avoid duplicate identifiers.

Usage Examples

codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         addUnderscoreToArgsType: true
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

contextType

type: string

Use this configuration to set a custom type for your context, and it will affect all the resolvers, without the need to override it using generics each time. If you wish to use an external type and import it from another file, you can use add plugin and add the required import statement, or you can use a module#type syntax.

Usage Examples

Custom Context Type
codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         contextType: 'MyContext'
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;
Custom Context Type
codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         contextType: './my-types#MyContext'
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

fieldContextTypes

type: Array_1

Use this to set a custom type for a specific field context. It will only affect the targeted resolvers. You can either use Field.Path#ContextTypeName or Field.Path#ExternalFileName#ContextTypeName

Usage Examples

Custom Field Context Types
codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         fieldContextTypes: ['MyType.foo#CustomContextType', 'MyType.bar#./my-file#ContextTypeOne']
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

rootValueType

type: string

Use this configuration to set a custom type for the rootValue, and it will affect resolvers of all root types (Query, Mutation and Subscription), without the need to override it using generics each time. If you wish to use an external type and import it from another file, you can use add plugin and add the required import statement, or you can use both module#type or module#namespace#type syntax.

Usage Examples

Custom RootValue Type
codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         rootValueType: 'MyRootValue'
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;
Custom RootValue Type
codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         rootValueType: './my-types#MyRootValue'
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

directiveContextTypes

type: Array_1

Use this to set a custom type for a specific field context decorated by a directive. It will only affect the targeted resolvers. You can either use Field.Path#ContextTypeName or Field.Path#ExternalFileName#ContextTypeName

ContextTypeName should by a generic Type that take the context or field context type as only type parameter.

Usage Examples

Directive Context Extender
codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         directiveContextTypes: ['myCustomDirectiveName#./my-file#CustomContextExtender']
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

mapperTypeSuffix

type: string

Adds a suffix to the imported names to prevent name clashes.

Usage Examples

codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         mapperTypeSuffix: 'Model'
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

mappers

type: object

Replaces a GraphQL type usage with a custom type, allowing you to return custom object from your resolvers. You can use both module#type and module#namespace#type syntax.

Usage Examples

Custom Context Type
codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         mappers: {
           User: './my-models#UserDbObject',
           Book: './my-models#Collections',
         }
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

defaultMapper

type: string

Allow you to set the default mapper when it's not being override by mappers or generics. You can specify a type name, or specify a string in module#type or module#namespace#type format. The default value of mappers is the TypeScript type generated by typescript package.

Usage Examples

Replace with any
codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         defaultMapper: 'any',
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;
Custom Base Object
codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         defaultMapper: './my-file#BaseObject',
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;
Wrap default types with Partial

You can also specify a custom wrapper for the original type, without overriding the original generated types, use {T} to specify the identifier. (for flow, use $Shape<{T}>)

codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         defaultMapper: 'Partial<{T}>',
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;
Allow deep partial with utility-types
codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolver', { add: { content: "import { DeepPartial } from 'utility-types';" } }],
       config: {
         defaultMapper: 'DeepPartial<{T}>',
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

avoidOptionals

type: AvoidOptionalsConfig | boolean default: false

This will cause the generator to avoid using optionals (?), so all field resolvers must be implemented in order to avoid compilation errors.

Usage Examples

Override all definition types
codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolver'],
       config: {
         avoidOptionals: true
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;
Override only specific definition types
codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolver'],
       config: {
         avoidOptionals: {
           field: true,
           inputValue: true,
           object: true,
           defaultValue: true,
         }
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

showUnusedMappers

type: boolean default: true

Warns about unused mappers.

Usage Examples

codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolver'],
       config: {
         showUnusedMappers: true,
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

enumValues

type: EnumValuesMap

Overrides the default value of enum values declared in your GraphQL schema, supported in this plugin because of the need for integration with typescript package. See documentation under typescript plugin for more information and examples.

resolverTypeWrapperSignature

type: string default: Promise<T> | T

Allow you to override resolverTypeWrapper definition.

federation

type: boolean default: false

Supports Apollo Federation

enumPrefix

type: boolean default: true

Allow you to disable prefixing for generated enums, works in combination with typesPrefix.

Usage Examples

Disable enum prefixes
codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolver'],
       config: {
         typesPrefix: 'I',
         enumPrefix: false
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

optionalResolveType

type: boolean default: false

Sets the __resolveType field as optional field.

immutableTypes

type: boolean default: false

Generates immutable types by adding readonly to properties and uses ReadonlyArray.

namespacedImportName

type: string default: ''

Prefixes all GraphQL related generated types with that value, as namespaces import. You can use this feature to allow separation of plugins to different files.

resolverTypeSuffix

type: string default: Resolvers

Suffix we add to each generated type resolver.

allResolversTypeName

type: string default: Resolvers

The type name to use when exporting all resolvers signature as unified type.

internalResolversPrefix

type: string default: '__'

Defines the prefix value used for __resolveType and __isTypeOf resolvers. If you are using mercurius-js, please set this field to empty string for better compatibility.

onlyResolveTypeForInterfaces

type: boolean default: false

Turning this flag to true will generate resolver signature that has only resolveType for interfaces, forcing developers to write inherited type resolvers in the type itself.

strictScalars

type: boolean default: false

Makes scalars strict.

If scalars are found in the schema that are not defined in scalars an error will be thrown during codegen.

Usage Examples

codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         strictScalars: true,
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

defaultScalarType

type: string default: any

Allows you to override the type that unknown scalars will have.

Usage Examples

codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         defaultScalarType: 'unknown'
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

scalars

type: ScalarsMap_1

Extends or overrides the built-in scalars and custom GraphQL scalars to a custom type.

namingConvention

type: NamingConvention_1 default: change-case-all#pascalCase

Allow you to override the naming convention of the output. You can either override all namings, or specify an object with specific custom naming convention per output. The format of the converter must be a valid module#method. Allowed values for specific output are: typeNames, enumValues. You can also use "keep" to keep all GraphQL names as-is. Additionally, you can set transformUnderscore to true if you want to override the default behavior, which is to preserve underscores.

Available case functions in change-case-all are camelCase, capitalCase, constantCase, dotCase, headerCase, noCase, paramCase, pascalCase, pathCase, sentenceCase, snakeCase, lowerCase, localeLowerCase, lowerCaseFirst, spongeCase, titleCase, upperCase, localeUpperCase and upperCaseFirst See more (opens in a new tab)

typesPrefix

type: string default: (empty)

Prefixes all the generated types.

Usage Examples

codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         typesPrefix: 'I',
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

typesSuffix

type: string default: (empty)

Suffixes all the generated types.

Usage Examples

codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         typesSuffix: 'I',
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

skipTypename

type: boolean default: false

Does not add __typename to the generated types, unless it was specified in the selection set.

Usage Examples

codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         skipTypename: true
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

nonOptionalTypename

type: boolean default: false

Automatically adds __typename field to the generated types, even when they are not specified in the selection set, and makes it non-optional

Usage Examples

codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         nonOptionalTypename: true
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

useTypeImports

type: boolean default: false

Will use import type {} rather than import {} when importing only types. This gives compatibility with TypeScript's "importsNotUsedAsValues": "error" option

Usage Examples

codegen.ts
 import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli';
 
 const config: CodegenConfig = {
   // ...
   generates: {
     'path/to/file': {
       // plugins...
       config: {
         useTypeImports: true
       },
     },
   },
 };
 export default config;

dedupeFragments

type: boolean default: false

Removes fragment duplicates for reducing data transfer. It is done by removing sub-fragments imports from fragment definition Instead - all of them are imported to the Operation node.

inlineFragmentTypes

type: string default: inline

Whether fragment types should be inlined into other operations. "inline" is the default behavior and will perform deep inlining fragment types within operation type definitions. "combine" is the previous behavior that uses fragment type references without inlining the types (and might cause issues with deeply nested fragment that uses list types).

emitLegacyCommonJSImports

type: boolean default: true

Emit legacy common js imports. Default it will be true this way it ensure that generated code works with non-compliant bundlers (opens in a new tab).

Usage Example

Run graphql-codegen as usual, with this new plugin:

codegen.ts
import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli'
 
const config: CodegenConfig = {
  schema: 'schema.json',
  generates: {
    './src/resolvers-types.ts': {
      plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolvers']
    }
  }
}
export default config

Import the types from the generated file and use in the resolver:

import { Resolvers } from './resolvers-types'
 
export const resolvers: Resolvers = {
  Query: {
    myQuery: (root, args, context) => {}
  }
}

This will make the resolver fully typed and compatible with typescript compiler, including the handler's arguments and return value.

Generated resolvers can be passed directly into graphql-tools (opens in a new tab) makeExecutableSchema function.

Integration with Apollo-Server

By default apollo-server will not work with generated resolvers signature.

If you are using Apollo Server with TypeScript, note that you need to set useIndexSignature: true in your config, in order to add a compatible index signature (more info (opens in a new tab)).

codegen.ts
import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli'
 
const config: CodegenConfig = {
  generates: {
    './resolvers-types.ts': {
      config: {
        useIndexSignature: true
      },
      plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolvers']
    }
  }
}
export default config

If you wish to have an easy start, and have the ability to use resolvers chaining without models types, you can also add to your config defaultMapper: Partial<{T}>. This will allow you to return partial types in your resolvers.

Use Your Model Types (mappers)

If you wish to use your custom model types, codegen allow you to use mappers feature to map GraphQL types to your custom model types. You can find an article explaining how to use mappers here (opens in a new tab).

Here's the basic example of using it:

codegen.ts
import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli'
 
const config: CodegenConfig = {
  schema: 'schema.graphql',
  generates: {
    './resolvers-types.ts': {
      config: {
        contextType: 'models#MyContextType',
        mappers: {
          User: './models#UserModel',
          Profile: './models#UserProfile'
        }
      },
      plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolvers']
    }
  }
}
export default config

Enum Resolvers

Apollo-Server (opens in a new tab) and schemas built with graphql-tools (opens in a new tab) supports creating resolvers for GraphQL enums.

This is helpful because you can have internal values that are different from the public enum values, and you can use the internal values in your resolvers.

Codegen allows you to specify either mappers or enumValues to map enums in your resolvers, and if you are using it for enums, you'll get a resolver signature for the enum resolvers as well.

Usage Example

With the following schema:

type Query {
  favoriteColor: Color!
}
 
enum Color {
  RED
  BLUE
}
codegen.ts
import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli'
 
const config: CodegenConfig = {
  schema: 'schema.graphql',
  generates: {
    './resolvers-types.ts': {
      config: {
        enumValues: {
          Color: './enums#ColorsCode'
        }
      },
      plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolvers']
    }
  }
}
export default config
enums.ts
export enum ColorsCode {
  MY_RED = '#FF0000',
  MY_BLUE = '#0000FF'
}
resolvers.ts
import { Resolvers } from './resolvers-types'
import { ColorsCode } from './enums'
 
const resolvers: Resolvers = {
  Color: {
    RED: ColorsCode.MY_RED,
    BLUE: ColorsCode.MY_BLUE
  },
  Query: {
    favoriteColor: () => ColorsCode.MY_RED // Now you cn return this, and it will be mapped to your actual GraphQL enum
  }
}

You can also define the same with explicit enum values:

codegen.ts
import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli'
 
const config: CodegenConfig = {
  schema: 'schema.graphql',
  generates: {
    './resolvers-types.ts': {
      config: {
        enumValues: {
          Color: {
            RED: '#FF0000',
            BLUE: '#0000FF'
          }
        }
      },
      plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolvers']
    }
  }
}
export default config

Or, with mappers:

codegen.ts
import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli'
 
const config: CodegenConfig = {
  schema: 'schema.graphql',
  generates: {
    './resolvers-types.ts': {
      config: {
        mappers: {
          Color: './enums#ColorsCode'
        }
      },
      plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolvers']
    }
  }
}
export default config

Defined shared mappers across configurations

In some case, you might want to share some common mappers between many output file configurations.

To do so, you can leverage the YAML references features as follow:

codegen.ts
import type { CodegenConfig } from '@graphql-codegen/cli'
 
const sharedMappers = {
  ID: 'IDType'
}
 
const config: CodegenConfig = {
  schema: 'schema.graphql',
  documents: 'src/*.ts',
  generates: {
    'resolvers-types-1.ts': {
      plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolvers'],
      config: {
        mappers: {
          ...sharedMappers,
          String: 'StringType'
        }
      }
    },
    'resolvers-types-2.ts': {
      plugins: ['typescript', 'typescript-resolvers'],
      config: {
        mappers: {
          ...sharedMappers,
          String: 'StringType'
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
export default config

The above configuration will provide the ID type mapping to both resolvers-types-1.ts and resolvers-types-2.ts files.

The complete example is available here: codegen-repros/reusable-mappers (opens in a new tab)

You can also achieve a similar reusable mappers configuration by providing a TypeScript or JavaScript file configuration.