WhatsApp Clone - Angular, GraphQL, Apollo, TypeScript and PostgreSQL
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You might have seen it around already — an open-source WhatsApp Clone tutorial; a project which was originally started in 2015 by Urigo (opens in a new tab) based on Angular-Meteor (opens in a new tab) and Ionic (opens in a new tab), and have been throughout different incarnations ever since.
You may have also noticed that we recently published a new React version of the Whatsapp Clone tutorial.
This time around, I'm happy to announce that a new version of the WhatsApp Clone is here, and it's based on Angular 7.2, Angular CLI 7.3.2, Material-UI, TypeScript, Apollo, GraphQL-Subscriptions, GraphQL Code Generator (opens in a new tab), GraphQL Modules (opens in a new tab), PostgreSQL and TypeORM, full with step by step guides to teach you every step of the way.
Click mme to go to the tutorial page (opens in a new tab)
What Is It Good for?
This app was built with all the latest and hottest technologies out there. The purpose is simple — it should be a guideline for building a proper app, thus we thought very carefully about the design patterns and architecture used in it, plus, we made sure to cover all communication methods with a GraphQL-back-end in different variations (query, mutation, subscription). This way whenever you're looking to start a new app, maintain an existing one or upgrade your dev-stack, the WhatsApp-clone can be a great source to start with! It's full stack and has a complete flow.
Why Did We Choose This Dev-Stack?
Angular, GraphQL, Apollo, PostgreSQL and TypeScript for obvious reasons — they are backed by a strong ecosystem that grows rapidly. These technologies can be used in endless variations, and there's no one way which is the most right of doing so, but we chose a way that makes the most sense for us and that we truly believe in when it comes to building apps. We've connected it all with TypeORM, GraphQL-Code-Generator, GraphQL-Modules for the following reasons:
- The GraphQL back-end was implemented using GraphQL-Modules where logic was splitted into feature based modules. GraphQL-Modules is a library which provides you with the ability to manage and maintain your GraphQL schema in a scalable and reusable way. Not once nor twice I have seen people who struggle with that and get tangled upon their own creation, and with GraphQL-Modules where you have a very defined structure, this problem can be easily solved. You can read more in this series of 7 blog posts about it.
- Every GraphQL/TypeScript definition was automatically generated with GraphQL-Code-Generator using a single command call. There's no need to maintain the same thing twice if it already exists in one way or another. This way you don't have to write TypeScript type definitions for your all your server responses, you get ready-to-use — fully typed Angular services, GraphQL resolvers and GraphQL types.
- The new version of Angular 7.2 was used with the Angular Material UI and Angular CLI 7.3.2 (and we'll keep updating the tutorial with the latest versions)
- We used TypeORM to correctly split the logic of the entities in the database and define the relationships between them. ORMs are controversial these days, but they can help a lot in some cases, and we thought a good example could be valuable to the community.
What to Expect?
- Basic authentication.
- Image uploading with Cloudinary (opens in a new tab).
- Live updates with GraphQL Subscriptions.
- Zero latency even on the slowest network thanks to Apollo's Cache
The tutorial goes through every aspect of building the app, starting from the very basics. We will start building a very simple server with a fake db, then we will introduce Authentication, Subscriptions, a real database backed by PostgreSQL and TypeORM plus advanced tooling like GraphQL Code Generator and GraphQL Modules.
This can be extremely useful for those who have little to no background in one of the technologies in our dev-stack.
Right now we implemented a simple REST-based Passport authentication, but we already have PRs for Accounts-JS (opens in a new tab) based authentication which will use the GraphQL endpoint instead of traditional REST ones. An additional chapter about Pagination is also expected, as well as a “Performance” chapter tackling the N+1 problem with GraphQL. Our backend has been designed to handle way more features than the ones currently implemented, so be ready because features like the Whatsapp blue ticks are going to land on our clone very soon.
Keep up to Date
This tutorial was written using Tortilla — the Tutorial framework (opens in a new tab).
This means that we will keep upgrading the tutorial with the latest versions of Angular and the other libraries, and instead of doing the same tutorial all over again, you will get a git-diff (opens in a new tab) of how to upgrade the existing tutorial! We care about your time as a developer.
We want to hear your opinions!
Should we choose another library and technology over another? Could we write the code better/cleaner? Should we add a specific feature to the app? We want to hear it all!
Please tell us now, so we could integrate your feedback on the tutorial itself!
We keep evolving the stack and as the tutorial is based on git commits, we can create the same clone with different tech-stacks and compare them on this real app using code diffs.
Soon we will also release yet another version of the Whatsapp Clone, using Ionic (opens in a new tab), Stencil (opens in a new tab) and Web Components.
If you are good at creating screencast and videos, we would love your help in creating videos for some chapters.
Everything is completely free and open source, and we want your help and (not financial) contribution!
Best place would be to open an issue or create a PR on the repositories:
- Server — Urigo/WhatsApp-Clone-Server (opens in a new tab)
- Client — Urigo/WhatsApp-Clone-Client-Angular (opens in a new tab)
Again, all types of feedback is welcome, write freely!
See you in the tutorial!
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