v3
Features
Introspection
⚠️
This is the documentation for the old GraphQL Yoga version 3. We recommend upgrading to the latest GraphQL Yoga version 4.

Get started with GraphQL Yoga v4

Introspection

A powerful feature of GraphQL is schema introspection. This feature is used by GraphiQL for exploring the schema and also by tooling such as GraphQL Code Generator (opens in a new tab) for generating type-safe client/frontend code.

GraphQL schema introspection is also a feature that allows clients to ask a GraphQL server what GraphQL features it supports (e.g. defer/stream or subscriptions).

Disabling Introspection

💡

If your goal is to avoid unknown actors from reverse-engineering your GraphQL schema and executing arbitrary operations, it is highly recommended to use persisted operations.

Learn more about persisted operations.

import { createYoga } from 'graphql-yoga'
import { useDisableIntrospection } from '@graphql-yoga/plugin-disable-introspection'
 
// Provide your schema
const yoga = createYoga({
  graphiql: false,
  plugins: [useDisableIntrospection()]
})
 
const server = createServer(yoga)
server.listen(4000, () => {
  console.info('Server is running on http://localhost:4000/graphql')
})

Disable Introspection based on the GraphQL Request

Sometimes you want to allow introspectition for certain users. You can access the Request object and determine based on that whether introspection should be enabled or not. E.g. you can check the headers.

import { createYoga } from 'graphql-yoga'
import { useDisableIntrospection } from '@graphql-yoga/plugin-disable-introspection'
 
// Provide your schema
const yoga = createYoga({
  graphiql: false,
  plugins: [
    useDisableIntrospection({
      isDisabled: (request) =>
        request.headers.get('x-allow-introspection') !== 'secret-access-key'
    })
  ]
})
 
const server = createServer(yoga)
server.listen(4000, () => {
  console.info('Server is running on http://localhost:4000/graphql')
})

Disabling Field Suggestions

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The graphql-armor (opens in a new tab) plugin is a security layer that help you protect your GraphQL server from malicious queries. It allows you to configure various security features such as character limit or blocking field suggestions. For more information about graphql-armor features, you can refer to the documentation (opens in a new tab).

Here is an example of how to use graphql-armor to disable introspection and block field suggestions.

When executing invalid GraphQL operation the GraphQL engine will try to construct smart suggestions that hint typos in the executed GraphQL document. This can be considered a security issue, as it can leak information about the GraphQL schema, even if introspection is disabled.

💡

If your goal is to avoid unknown actors from reverse-engineering your GraphQL schema and executing arbitrary operations, it is highly recommended to use persisted operations.

Learn more about persisted operations.

Disabling the "did you mean x" suggestion feature can be achieved via the blockFieldSuggestionsPlugin from graphql-armor (opens in a new tab).

Terminal
yarn add @escape.tech/graphql-armor-block-field-suggestions
Disabling the 'did you mean x' suggestion feature with a plugin
import { createYoga } from 'graphql-yoga'
import { blockFieldSuggestionsPlugin } from '@escape.tech/graphql-armor-block-field-suggestions'
 
// Provide your schema
const yoga = createYoga({
  graphiql: false,
  plugins: [useDisableIntrospection(), blockFieldSuggestionsPlugin()]
})
 
const server = createServer(yoga)
server.listen(4000, () => {
  console.info('Server is running on http://localhost:4000/graphql')
})